Amlodipine Teva capsule Uses, Dosage, Side Effects & Precautions

Amlodipine Teva
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Generic drug of Amlor
Therapeutic class: Cardiology and angiology
Active ingredients: Amlodipine

what is Amlodipine Teva ?

AMLODIPINE TEVA is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), or a certain type of chest pain called angina, a rare form of which is Prinzmetal’s angina.

In patients with high blood pressure values, your medicine works by relaxing the blood vessels so that blood passes through them more easily. In patients with angina, Amlodipine Teva works by improving the blood supply to the heart muscle, which thus receives more oxygen, which prevents the onset of chest pain. Your medicine does not provide immediate relief for chest pain associated with angina.

PRESENTATION (S) AVAILABLE FOR AMLODIPINE TEVA 10 MG

5 presentations are available for this drug:

  • PVC PVDC aluminum blister pack (s) of 14 capsule (s)
  • PVC PVDC aluminum blister pack (s) of 30 capsule (s)
  • PVC PVDC aluminum blister pack (s) of 60 capsule (s)
  • PVC PVDC aluminum blister pack (s) of 90 capsule (s)
  • PVC PVDC aluminum blister pack (s) of 100 capsule (s)
FEATURE DESCRIPTION
Pharmaceutical class calcium antagonists
Active substance (s) amlodipine besilate
General medicine Yes
Pharmaceutical form capsule
Route (s) of administration oral
Selling price between € 6.09 and € 16.89 depending on the presentations of this drug
Social security reimbursement rate 65%
Laboratory (s) TEVA CLASSICS
Conditions of issue available by simple prescription

what is Amlodipine Teva medication used for and indication?

  • Hypertension
  • Chronic Stable Angina
  • Angor vasospastic (syndrome angina)

Amlodipine Teva  Dosage

Dosage

Adults

  • For hypertension and angina the usual starting dose is 5 mg of Amlodipine Teva once daily, which may be increased to a maximum dose of 10 mg depending on the individual response of the patient.
  • In hypertensive patients, amlodipine has been used in combination with a thiazide diuretic, an alpha blocker, a beta blocker, or an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor. In angina, amlodipine can be used as monotherapy or in combination with other antianginal drugs in patients with angina refractory to nitrates and / or at adequate doses of beta-blockers.
  • No dose adjustment of AMLODIPINE TEVA is necessary when co-administered with thiazide diuretics, beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.

Special populations

Older subjects

  • Amlodipine used in similar doses shows equivalent good tolerability in elderly and younger patients. Normal dosage regimens are recommended in the elderly, but increased dosage should be done with caution (  Pharmacokinetic properties ).

Hepatic insufficiency

  • Dosage recommendations have not been established in patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment therefore the dose should be chosen with caution and should start at the lowest effective dose (Pharmacokinetic properties ). The pharmacokinetics of amlodipine have not been studied in severe hepatic impairment. Amlodipine should be started at the lowest dose and increased slowly in patients with severe hepatic impairment.

Renal failure

  • Changes in plasma amlodipine concentrations do not correlate with the degree of renal impairment, therefore a usual dosage is recommended. Amlodipine is not dialyzable.

Children and adolescents

Children and adolescents with hypertension from 6 to 17 years old. 

  • The recommended oral antihypertensive dose for children aged 6 to 17 years is 2.5 mg once daily as a starting dose, which may be increased up to 5 mg once daily if the desired blood pressure is not reached after four weeks. Doses greater than 5 mg once daily have not been studied in pediatric patients.
  • A 2.5 mg dose of amlodipine is not possible with this medicine.

Children under 6 years old.

  • There is no data available.

Administration mode

  • Capsule for oral administration.

Amlodipine Teva Contraindications

Amlodipine is contraindicated in patients with:

  • Hypersensitivity to dihydropyridine derivatives, to amlodipine or to any of the excipients.
  • Severe hypotension. 
  • Shock (including cardiogenic shock).
  • Obstruction of the outflow path of the left ventricle (for example, high degree aortic stenosis).
  • Haemodynamically unstable heart failure after acute myocardial infarction.

How To Take Amlodipine Teva?

  • Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if in doubt.
  • The usual starting dose of Amlodipine Teva is 5 mg once daily. This dose can be increased up to 10 mg of Amlodipine Teva once daily.
  • Your medicine can be used before or after consuming food and drink. It is best to take your medicine at the same time each day with a glass of water. Do not take AMLODIPINE TEVA with grapefruit juice.
  • It is important to keep taking the capsules. Do not wait until you have taken all of your capsules before consulting your doctor.

how does Amlodipine Teva work?

Pharmacotherapeutic group: selective calcium channel blocker mainly with vascular effect

ATC code: C08 CA01.

  • Amlodipine is an inhibitor of calcium ion influx of the dihydropyridine group (slow channel inhibitor or calcium ion antagonist) and transmembrane influx of calcium ions into heart muscle and vascular smooth muscle.
  • The mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of amlodipine is linked to a direct relaxant effect in vascular smooth muscle. The precise mechanism by which amlodipine relieves angina has not been fully determined, but amlodipine reduces the total ischemic burden by the following two actions:
  • 1) Amlodipine dilates peripheral arterioles and therefore reduces the total peripheral resistance (afterload) against which the heart acts. As long as the heart rate remains stable, this reduction in the work of the heart decreases myocardial energy consumption and oxygen requirements.
  • 2) The mechanism of action of amlodipine also probably involves the dilation of the main coronary arteries and coronary arterioles, in normal and ischemic regions. This dilation increases the delivery of oxygen to the myocardium in patients with coronary artery spasm (Prinzmetal’s angina).
  • In hypertensive patients, once daily administration results in clinically significant reductions in blood pressure in both supine and upright position for a 24 hour interval. Due to the slow onset of action, acute hypotension is not associated with administration of amlodipine.
  • In patients with angina, administration as a single daily dose of amlodipine increases the total duration of exertion, the time to onset of angina and a 1 mm ST segment depression. , and it decreases both the frequency of angina attacks and the consumption of glyceryl trinitrate tablets.
  • Amlodipine has not been associated with adverse metabolic effects or changes in plasma lipids, and is suitable for patients with asthma, diabetes and gout.

Use in patients with coronary artery disease

  • The efficacy of amlodipine in preventing clinical events in patients with coronary artery disease was evaluated in an independent, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in 1,997 patients: the study CAMELOT (Comparison of Amlodipine vs Enalapril to Limit Occurrences of Thrombosis, comparison of amlodipine and enalapril in the limitation of episodes of thrombosis). Of these patients, 663 were treated with amlodipine 5-10 mg, 673 were treated with enalapril 10-20 mg, and 655 with placebo, in addition to standard treatment with statins, beta-blockers , diuretics and aspirin for two years. The main efficacy results are shown in Table 1.
Table 1. Incidence of significant clinical endpoints in the CAMELOT study
Cardiovascular event rate, number (%) Amlodipine versus placebo
Evaluation criteria Amlodipine Placebo Enalapril Relative risk (95% CI) P-value
Primary endpoint
Cardiovascular adverse events 110 (16.6) 151 (23.1) 136 (20.2) 0.69 (0.54-0.88) 0.003
Individual components
Coronary revascularization 78 (11.8) 103 (15.7) 95 (14.1) 0.73 (0.54-0.98) 0.03
Hospitalization for angina 51 (7.7) 84 (12.8) 86 (12.8) 0.58 (0.41-0.82) 0.002
Non-fatal IDM 14 (2.1) 19 (2.9) 11 (1.6) 0.73 (0.37-1.46) 0.37
AVC or AIT 6 (0.9) 12 (1.8) 8 (1.2) 0.50 (0.19-1.32) 0.15
Cardiovascular mortality 5 (0.8) 2 (0.3) 5 (0.7) 2.46 (0.48-12.7) 0.27
Hospitalization for CHF 3 (0.5) 5 (0.8) 4 (0.6) 0.59 (0.14-2.47) 0.46
Resuscitation after cardiac arrest 0 4 (0.6) 1 (0.1) N / A 0.04
Appearance of peripheral vascular disease 5 (0.8) 2 (0.3) 8 (1.2) 2.6 (0.50-13.4) 0.24
Abbreviations: CHF, congestive heart failure; CI, confidence interval; IDM, myocardial infarction; TIA, transient ischemic attacks, stroke, cerebrovascular accident.
  • Use in Patients with Heart Failure : Hemodynamic studies and controlled studies based on stress tests in patients with NYHA Class II-IV heart failure have shown that amlodipine does not cause deterioration. clinical exercise tolerance, left ventricular ejection fraction and clinical symptoms.
  • A placebo-controlled study (PRAISE) designed to evaluate patients with NYHA Class III-IV heart failure receiving digoxin, diuretics and ACE inhibitors showed that amlodipine did not cause increased risk of mortality or mortality and morbidity combined with heart failure.
  • In a long-term, placebo-controlled follow-up study (PRAISE-2) of amlodipine in patients with NYHA Class III and IV heart failure without clinical symptoms or objective findings suggesting or underlying ischemic disease, When treated with stable doses of ACE inhibitors, digitalis and diuretics, amlodipine had no effect on total cardiovascular mortality. In this same population, amlodipine has been associated with increased reports of pulmonary edema.

Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT)

  • The ALLHAT (Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial), randomized, double-blind, morbidity and mortality study was performed to compare treatments recent: amlodipine 2.5 to 10 mg / day (calcium channel blocker) or lisinopril 10 to 40 mg / day (ACE inhibitor) as first-line treatment compared to a thiazide diuretic, chlortalidone at a dose of 12, 5 to 25 mg / day in mild to moderate hypertension.
  • A total of 33,357 hypertensive patients aged 55 or over were randomized and followed for an average of 4.9 years. Patients had at least one risk factor for additional coronary artery disease, including: history of myocardial infarction or stroke (more than six months prior to inclusion) or documentation of other atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (in total 51.5%), type 2 diabetes (36.1%), HDL cholesterol <35 mg / dl (11.6%), left ventricular hypertrophy diagnosed by electrocardiography or echocardiography (20.9%), current smoking (21 , 9%).
  • The primary composite endpoint was fatal coronary artery disease or non-fatal myocardial infarction. No significant difference was observed for the primary endpoint between treatment with amlodipine and treatment with chlortalidone: RR: 0.98; 95% CI (0.90 to 1.07); p = 0.65. Among the secondary endpoints, the incidence of heart failure (part of a composite cardiovascular endpoint) was significantly higher in the amlodipine group compared to the chlortalidone group (10.2% versus 7, 7%; RR: 1.38; 95% CI [1.25 to 1.52]; p <0.001). However, no significant difference was observed in mortality from any cause between treatment with amlodipine and treatment with chlortalidone: RR: 0.96; 95% CI [0.89 to 1.02]; p = 0.20.

Use in children (at least six years old)

  • In a study of 268 children aged 6 to 17 years with predominantly secondary hypertension, a 2.5 mg dose and a 5.0 mg dose of amlodipine were compared with placebo. Both doses were found to lower systolic blood pressure significantly more than placebo. The difference between the two doses was not statistically significant.
  • The long-term effects of amlodipine on growth, puberty and general development have not been studied. The long-term efficacy of amlodipine as a treatment in children to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in adulthood has not been established.

How To Store Amlodipine Teva?

  • Keep this medication out of the sight and reach of children.
  • Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and blisters. The expiration date refers to the last day of that month.
  • Store at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C.
  • Do not throw away any medicines via a wastewater treatment plant or with household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away the medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

Amlodipine Teva Side Effects

Summary of the safety profile

The most commonly reported adverse reactions during treatment are drowsiness, dizziness, headache, palpitations, flushing, abdominal pain, nausea, ankle edema, edema and fatigue.

List of side effects

The following side effects have been observed and reported during treatment with amlodipine with the following frequencies: very common (≥ 1/10); common (≥ 1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (≥ 1/1000 to ≤ 1/100); rare (≥ 1 / 10,000 to ≤ 1 / 1,000); very rare (≤1 / 10,000).

Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing severity.

System organ class Frequency Side effects
Blood and lymphatic system disorders Very rare Leukocytopenia, thrombocytopenia,
Immune system disorders Very rare Allergic reaction
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Very rare Hyperglycemia
Psychiatric disorders Rare Insomnia, change in mood (including anxiety), depression
Rare Confusion
Nervous system disorders Frequent Drowsiness, dizziness, headache (especially at the start of treatment)
Rare Tremor, dysgeusia, syncope, hypoaesthesia, paraesthesia
Very rare Hypertonia, peripheral neuropathy
Eye disorders Rare Visual disturbance (including diplopia)
Ear and labyrinth disorders Rare Tinnitus
Cardiac disorders Frequent Palpitations
Very rare Myocardial infarction, arrhythmia (including bradycardia, ventricular tachycardia and atrial fibrillation)
Vascular disorders Frequent Flushing
Rare Hypotension
Very rare Vasculitis
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Rare Dyspnoea, rhinitis
Very rare Cough
Gastrointestinal disorders Frequent Abdominal pain, nausea
Rare Vomiting, dyspepsia, transit disorders (including diarrhea and constipation), dry mouth
Very rare Pancreatitis, gastritis, gingival hyperplasia
Hepatobiliary disorders Very rare Hepatitis, jaundice, increased liver enzymes *
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Rare Alopecia, purpura, skin discoloration, hyperhidrosis, pruritus, rash, exanthema
Very rare Angioedema, erythema multiforme, urticaria, exfoliating dermatitis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, angioedema, photosensitivity
Musculoskeletal, connective tissue and bone disorders Frequent Ankle edema
Rare Arthralgia, myalgia, muscle cramp, back pain
Kidney and urinary tract disorders Rare Urination disorder, nocturia, increased urinary frequency
Reproductive system and breast disorders Rare Impotence, gynecomastia 
General disorders and administration site conditions Frequent Edema, fatigue
Rare Chest pain, asthenia, pain, malaise
Investigations Rare Increase in weight, decrease in weight

* Usually suggestive of cholestasis

Exceptional cases of extrapyramidal syndrome have been reported.

Amlodipine Teva Interactions

Taking other medications

If you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

AMLODIPINE TEVA may affect or be affected by other medicines, such as:

  • ketoconazole
  • itraconazole (antifungal drugs)
  • ritonavir
  • indinavir
  • nelfinavir (called a protease inhibitor used to treat HIV infection)
  • rifampicin
  • erythromycin
  • clarithromycin (antibiotics)
  • Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s Wort)
  • verapamil, diltiazem (heart medicines)
  • dantrolene (infusion for severe increases in body temperature)

Amlodipine Teva may lower your blood pressure even more if you are already taking other medicines to treat high blood pressure.

INTERACTIONS OF AMLODIPINE TEVA 10 MG WITH FOOD AND DRINK

Food and drinks

Grapefruit juice and grapefruit should not be consumed by people taking AMLODIPINE TEVA.

This is because grapefruit and grapefruit juice can cause an increase in the blood levels of the active ingredient, amlodipine, which can lead to an unpredictable increase in the hypotensive effect of AMLODIPINE TEVA.

Drive and use machines

  1. Amlodipine Teva may affect your ability to drive and use machines. 
  2. If the capsules cause nausea, dizziness or fatigue, or a headache, you should not drive or use machines, and you should contact your doctor immediately.

Warnings and Precautions

Take special care with AMLODIPINE TEVA 10 mg hard capsules:

You should tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following conditions:

  • recent heart attack
  • heart failure
  • severe increase in blood pressure (hypertensive crisis)
  • liver disease
  • you are an elderly person and your dose needs to be increased

Children and adolescents

Amlodipine has not been studied in children less than 6 years old. AMLODIPINE TEVA should only be used for the treatment of hypertension in children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years (see section 3). For further information, please contact your doctor.

PREGNANCY & BREAST-FEEDING & FERTILITY

Pregnancy

  • In women, the safety of amlodipine during pregnancy has not been established.
  • In animal studies, reprotoxicity has been observed at high doses (see section Preclinical safety data).
  • Use during pregnancy is only recommended if a safer alternative is not available and when the disease itself poses greater risks to the mother and fetus.

Feeding with milk

  • Amlodipine is excreted in breast milk. The proportion of maternal dose received by the infant has been estimated at an interquartile range of 3-7%, with a maximum of 15%. The effect of amlodipine on infants is unknown. The decision to continue or discontinue breast-feeding or to continue or discontinue treatment with amlodipine should be made taking into account the benefit of breast-feeding for the child and the benefit of treatment with amlodipine for the child. the mother.

Fertility

  • Reversible biochemical changes in the sperm head have been reported in some patients treated with calcium channel blockers. There is insufficient clinical data regarding the potential effect of amlodipine on fertility. In a study in rats, adverse effects were detected on male fertility (see section Preclinical safety data).

What happens if I overdose from Amlodipine Teva?

In humans, experience of intentional overdose is limited.

Symptoms

  • The available data suggest that a large overdose may lead to excessive peripheral vasodilation and possibly reflex tachycardia. Marked and possibly prolonged systemic hypotension up to and including shock with fatal outcome has been reported.

Treatment

  • Clinically significant hypotension due to amlodipine overdose requires active cardiovascular support including frequent monitoring of respiratory and cardiac function, elevation of limbs, and management of blood volume and urine output.
  • A vasoconstrictor may be useful in restoring vascular tone and blood pressure, provided there is no contraindication to its use. Intravenous administration of calcium gluconate may be beneficial in reversing the effects of calcium channel inhibition.
  • Gastric lavage may be warranted in some cases. In healthy volunteers, the use of charcoal for up to two hours after administration of amlodipine 10 mg has been shown to reduce the absorption rates of amlodipine.
  • Since amlodipine is highly protein bound, dialysis is unlikely to provide any benefit.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget to take Amlodipine Teva 10 mg capsule:

Do not worry. If you forget to take one capsule, skip the dose completely. Take the next dose at the normal pace. Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you forgot to take.

What is  Forms and Composition ?

Forms

Capsule.

90 capsules in blister packs (PVC / PVDC / Aluminum).

Other shapes

Composition

Active ingredient Capsule
Amlodipine 10 mg *

* per unit dose

Active ingredients: Amlodipine

Excipients with known effects Propylene glycol

Other excipients: Microcrystalline cellulose, Corn starch, Magnesium stearate, Capsule shell:

Gelatin, Titanium dioxide, Quinoline yellow, Erythrosine, Black ink for printing: Shellac, Black iron oxide, Ammonium hydroxide

NOT’s

Edrug-online contains comprehensive and detailed information about drugs available in the medical field, and is divided into four sections:

general information:

  • Includes a general description of the drug, its use, brand names, FAQs, and relevant news and articles

Additional information:

  • General explanation about dealing with the medicine: how to take the medicine, the doses and times of it, the start and duration of its effectiveness, the recommended diet during the period of taking the medicine, the method of storage and storage, recommendations in cases for forgetting the dose and instructions to stop taking the drug and take additional doses.

Special warnings:

  • For pregnant and breastfeeding women, the elderly, boys and drivers, and use before surgery.

Side effects:

  • It treats possible side effects and drug interactions that require attention and its effect on continuous use.
  • The information contained in this medicine is based on medical literature, but it is not a substitute for consulting a doctor.

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